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干旱区科学
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Spatial difference features and organization optimization of cities and towns in Tarim River Basin
ChangLong SUN, XiaoLei ZHANG, Nuo JIN, HongRu DU, WenWen MA
1 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3 Institute of Geography and Tourism, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, China
Spatial difference features and organization optimization of cities and towns in Tarim River Basin
ChangLong SUN, XiaoLei ZHANG, Nuo JIN, HongRu DU, WenWen MA
1 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3 Institute of Geography and Tourism, Xinjiang Normal University, Urumqi 830054, China
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摘要  This paper analyzes the urban spatial structure of Tarim River Basin from the perspectives of urbanization, urban density, grading scales and spatial evolution patterns, using geographical theories and methods, such as fractal theory, principle component analysis, urbanization imbalance index, urban scale imbalance indicator, and urban spatial interaction. The results show that the urban spatial structure displays balanced distribution in the overall pattern, while an imbalanced distribution in each region. The development of town pattern tends to be gathering to the central towns in the oasis of Tarim River Basin and a development axis has begun to form along the southern Xinjiang railway. Based on the division of urban hinterland, and the development characteristics of oasis economy, this paper puts forward an urban spatial organization model. This model uses “breakpoint model” and divides Tarim River Basin into five urban clusters: Korla urban cluster, Kuqa urban cluster, Aksu urban cluster, Kashgar urban cluster and Hotan urban cluster. As a conclusion, this article puts forward an overall framework of urban spatial organization in Tarim River Basin: “one axis, double core, and five groups”.
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ChangLong SUN
XiaoLei ZHANG
Nuo JIN
HongRu DU
WenWen MA
Abstract:  This paper analyzes the urban spatial structure of Tarim River Basin from the perspectives of urbanization, urban density, grading scales and spatial evolution patterns, using geographical theories and methods, such as fractal theory, principle component analysis, urbanization imbalance index, urban scale imbalance indicator, and urban spatial interaction. The results show that the urban spatial structure displays balanced distribution in the overall pattern, while an imbalanced distribution in each region. The development of town pattern tends to be gathering to the central towns in the oasis of Tarim River Basin and a development axis has begun to form along the southern Xinjiang railway. Based on the division of urban hinterland, and the development characteristics of oasis economy, this paper puts forward an urban spatial organization model. This model uses “breakpoint model” and divides Tarim River Basin into five urban clusters: Korla urban cluster, Kuqa urban cluster, Aksu urban cluster, Kashgar urban cluster and Hotan urban cluster. As a conclusion, this article puts forward an overall framework of urban spatial organization in Tarim River Basin: “one axis, double core, and five groups”.
收稿日期:  2009-09-01      修回日期:  2010-01-15           出版日期:  2010-03-07      发布日期:  2010-03-07      期的出版日期:  2010-03-07
基金资助: West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XBBS200812); Chinese Academy of Sciences Action-plan for West Development (KZCX2-XB2-03)
通讯作者:  XiaoLei ZHANG    E-mail:  zhangxl@ms.xjb.ac.cn
引用本文:    
ChangLong SUN, XiaoLei ZHANG, Nuo JIN, HongRu DU, WenWen MA. Spatial difference features and organization optimization of cities and towns in Tarim River Basin[J]. 干旱区科学, 10.3724/SP.J.1227.2010.00033.
ChangLong SUN, XiaoLei ZHANG, Nuo JIN, HongRu DU, WenWen MA. Spatial difference features and organization optimization of cities and towns in Tarim River Basin. Journal of Arid Land, 2010, 2(1): 33-42.
链接本文:  
http://jal.xjegi.com/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1227.2010.00033  或          http://jal.xjegi.com/CN/Y2010/V2/I1/33
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