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干旱区科学  2011, Vol. 3 Issue (4): 261-267    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1227.2011.00261
  学术论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
Anatomical and morphological characteristics of Populus euphratica in the lower reaches of Tarim River under extreme drought environment
Li ZHUANG1, YaNing CHEN2*, WeiHong LI2, ZhongKe WANG1
1 College of Biology, Shihezi University, Shihezi 830002, China;
2 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
Anatomical and morphological characteristics of Populus euphratica in the lower reaches of Tarim River under extreme drought environment
Li ZHUANG1, YaNing CHEN2*, WeiHong LI2, ZhongKe WANG1
1 College of Biology, Shihezi University, Shihezi 830002, China;
2 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
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摘要 Populus euphratica Oliv. is an old desert tree species that has been naturalized and invades zones along the watercourses in many arid and semiarid regions. The plant species developed some plasticity to adapt to the gradual environmental gradients. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the changes in leaf morphology of P. euphratica reflect the adaptability of the plant to the unique environment of the lower reaches of Tarim River in China. The foliar architecture, blade epidermal and internal anatomies of P. euphratica were analyzed at different sites along the Tarim River. Compared with the abaxial surface of the leaves, their adaxial surface has more hairs, a greater stomatal density and opening, higher mesophyll proportion, and increased blade thickness, palisade width, and epidermal thickness. The long trichome of the roots found at site 6 in the Yinsu section may be an adapted structure of the plants in arid areas. The mature leaves of P. euphratica have comparatively more epidermis and cuticles, well developed palisades and more chloroplasts at different sites compared to the young leaves. Foliar morphological and anatomical variability in P. euphratica may be considered an adaptive advantage that enables leaves to develop and function in different habitats, marked by strong variations in solar radiation, air temperature, humidity and water table.
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Li ZHUANG
YaNing CHEN
WeiHong LI
ZhongKe WANG
Abstract: Populus euphratica Oliv. is an old desert tree species that has been naturalized and invades zones along the watercourses in many arid and semiarid regions. The plant species developed some plasticity to adapt to the gradual environmental gradients. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the changes in leaf morphology of P. euphratica reflect the adaptability of the plant to the unique environment of the lower reaches of Tarim River in China. The foliar architecture, blade epidermal and internal anatomies of P. euphratica were analyzed at different sites along the Tarim River. Compared with the abaxial surface of the leaves, their adaxial surface has more hairs, a greater stomatal density and opening, higher mesophyll proportion, and increased blade thickness, palisade width, and epidermal thickness. The long trichome of the roots found at site 6 in the Yinsu section may be an adapted structure of the plants in arid areas. The mature leaves of P. euphratica have comparatively more epidermis and cuticles, well developed palisades and more chloroplasts at different sites compared to the young leaves. Foliar morphological and anatomical variability in P. euphratica may be considered an adaptive advantage that enables leaves to develop and function in different habitats, marked by strong variations in solar radiation, air temperature, humidity and water table.
收稿日期:  2011-03-29      修回日期:  2011-07-06           出版日期:  2011-12-07      发布日期:  2011-09-06      期的出版日期:  2011-12-07
通讯作者:  YaNing CHEN    E-mail:  Chenyn@ms.xjb.ac.cn
引用本文:    
Li ZHUANG, YaNing CHEN, WeiHong LI, ZhongKe WANG. Anatomical and morphological characteristics of Populus euphratica in the lower reaches of Tarim River under extreme drought environment[J]. 干旱区科学, 2011, 3(4): 261-267.
Li ZHUANG, YaNing CHEN, WeiHong LI, ZhongKe WANG. Anatomical and morphological characteristics of Populus euphratica in the lower reaches of Tarim River under extreme drought environment. Journal of Arid Land, 2011, 3(4): 261-267.
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http://jal.xjegi.com/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1227.2011.00261  或          http://jal.xjegi.com/CN/Y2011/V3/I4/261
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