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干旱区科学
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Dynamic changes of a typical linear dune in the Tengger Desert
KeCun ZHANG, KenJi KAI, JianJun QU, YuQuan LING, QingHe NIU
1 Dunhuang Gobi and Desert Ecology and Environment Research Station, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2 Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
Dynamic changes of a typical linear dune in the Tengger Desert
KeCun ZHANG, KenJi KAI, JianJun QU, YuQuan LING, QingHe NIU
1 Dunhuang Gobi and Desert Ecology and Environment Research Station, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2 Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
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摘要 The dynamical processes of a typical linear dune including morphological features, dune ridge swing range and crest height were investigated at different monitoring periods in the hinterland of Tengger Desert. The results indicated that the development of linear dune depends on not only the northwesterly prevailing wind, but also the winds from northeast and southwest. The dune ridge swayed along its fundamental strike and took on an eastward movement gradually. The original dune strike was NW70° on August 3, 1994, and then changed to NE15° on April 21, 2001. The dune crest increased by 1.8 m longitudinally, which manifested strong wind-blown sand activities in this region. Wind erosion frequently occured at the bottom of sand dune, while sand accumulation appeared on its mid-upper section. The mean wind erosion depth was 25 cm on the bottom of linear dune and the height difference of the control points on the dune’s ridge was 1.13 m. Although the linear dune swayed laterally, the horizontal displacement of its ridge moved eastward 5.8 m averagely. The swing range of the dune crest line is very distinct, with a maximum value of 13.2 m. The highest site on the K-profile swayed on both sides of the dune ridge and the heights were 19.88 m at the control point K5, 19.61 m at K6 and 19.05 m at K7, respectively. The results indicated that the lateral swing of the linear dune was distinct under the northwesterly wind and it moved toward east gradually.
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KeCun ZHANG
KenJi KAI
JianJun QU
YuQuan LING
QingHe NIU
关键词:  oil-chemical pollution  humus  transformation  degradation  Pre-Caspian Sea Region    
Abstract: The dynamical processes of a typical linear dune including morphological features, dune ridge swing range and crest height were investigated at different monitoring periods in the hinterland of Tengger Desert. The results indicated that the development of linear dune depends on not only the northwesterly prevailing wind, but also the winds from northeast and southwest. The dune ridge swayed along its fundamental strike and took on an eastward movement gradually. The original dune strike was NW70° on August 3, 1994, and then changed to NE15° on April 21, 2001. The dune crest increased by 1.8 m longitudinally, which manifested strong wind-blown sand activities in this region. Wind erosion frequently occured at the bottom of sand dune, while sand accumulation appeared on its mid-upper section. The mean wind erosion depth was 25 cm on the bottom of linear dune and the height difference of the control points on the dune’s ridge was 1.13 m. Although the linear dune swayed laterally, the horizontal displacement of its ridge moved eastward 5.8 m averagely. The swing range of the dune crest line is very distinct, with a maximum value of 13.2 m. The highest site on the K-profile swayed on both sides of the dune ridge and the heights were 19.88 m at the control point K5, 19.61 m at K6 and 19.05 m at K7, respectively. The results indicated that the lateral swing of the linear dune was distinct under the northwesterly wind and it moved toward east gradually.
Key words:  oil-chemical pollution    humus    transformation    degradation    Pre-Caspian Sea Region
收稿日期:  2010-07-22      修回日期:  2010-09-08           出版日期:  2010-12-07      发布日期:  2010-12-07      期的出版日期:  2010-12-07
基金资助: National Key Basic Research Development Program of China (2009BAC54B01-1); National Natural Science Foundation of China (41071009 and 40701171)
通讯作者:  KeCun ZHANG    E-mail:  kecunzh@lzb.ac.cn
引用本文:    
KeCun ZHANG, KenJi KAI, JianJun QU, YuQuan LING, QingHe NIU. Dynamic changes of a typical linear dune in the Tengger Desert[J]. 干旱区科学, 10.3724/SP.J.1227.2010.00272.
KeCun ZHANG, KenJi KAI, JianJun QU, YuQuan LING, QingHe NIU. Dynamic changes of a typical linear dune in the Tengger Desert. Journal of Arid Land, 2010, 2(4): 272-278.
链接本文:  
http://jal.xjegi.com/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1227.2010.00272  或          http://jal.xjegi.com/CN/Y2010/V2/I4/272
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