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Journal of Arid Land  2014, Vol. 6 Issue (4): 488-497    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-014-0021-9
Research Articles     
Isolation and identification of desert habituated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi newly reported from the Arabian Peninsula
Sarah SYMANCZIK1, Janusz B?ASZKOWSKI2, Sally KOEGEL1, Thomas BOLLER1, Andres WIEMKEN1, Mohamed N AL-YAHYA'EI1,3,4*
1 Zurich Basel Plant Science Center, Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Basel CH-4056, Switzerland;
2 Department of Plant Protection, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin PL-71434, Poland;
3 Soil and Water Research Center. Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Al Khod 121, Sultanate of Oman;
4 Department of Aridland Agriculture, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain 15551, United Arab Emirates
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Abstract  Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are known to facilitate the growth and vigour of many plants, particularly in arid ecosystems. In a survey of AMF in a date palm plantation and two natural sites of a desert in Oman, we generated many single spore-derived cultures of AMF. We identified a number of these isolates based on spore morphotyping and molecular phylogenetic analysis using the sequence of the LSU-rDNA. Here, we presented the characteristics of four species of AMF recovered, namely Claroideoglomus drummondii, Diversispora aurantia, Diversispora spurca and Funneliformis africanum. The four species have been described previously, but for the Arabian Peninsula they are reported here for the first time. Our endeavor of isolation and characterization of some AMF habituated to arid sites of Arabia represents a first step towards application for environmental conservation and sustainable agriculture in this region.

Key wordsdrought tolerance      phreatophyte      hydraulic redistribution      root sap flow      Tamarix ramosissima     
Received: 19 June 2013      Published: 12 August 2014

The study was financed by the Oman’s Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, the University of Basel, the Polish National Centre of Science (N N304 061739 and DEC–2012/05/B/NZ8/ 00498) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (130794 to A.W.).

Corresponding Authors: Mohamed N AL-YAHYA'EI     E-mail:
Cite this article:

Sarah SYMANCZIK, Janusz B?ASZKOWSKI, Sally KOEGEL, Thomas BOLLER, Andres WIEMKEN, Mohamed N AL-YAHYA'EI.. Isolation and identification of desert habituated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi newly reported from the Arabian Peninsula. Journal of Arid Land, 2014, 6(4): 488-497.

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