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Journal of Arid Land
Recommending the IHACRES model for water resources assessment and resolving water conflicts in Africa
Samir Mohammad Ali Alredaisy
Department of Geography, Faculty of Education, University of Khartoum, Omdurman 406, Sudan
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Abstract  The International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) recognized the lack of hydrological data as a world-wide problem in 2002 and adopted the Prediction of Ungauged Basins (PUB) as a decadal research agenda during the period of 2003 to 2012. One of the objectives is to further develop methodologies for prediction in ungauged basins and to reduce uncertainties in model prediction. Estimation of stream flows is required for flood control, water quality control, valley habitat assessment and water budget of a country. However, the majority of water catchments, streams and valleys are ungauged in most developing countries. The main objective of this paper is to introduce the IHACRES (Identification of Hydrographs and Components from Rainfall, Evaporation and Stream) model into African hydrological planning as a methodology for water resources assessment, which in turn can be used to resolve water conflicts between communities and countries and to study the climate change issues. This is because the IHACRES model is applied for the estimation of flows in ungauged catchments whose physical catchments descriptors (PCDs) can be determined by driving variables (i.e. rainfall and temperature); and also in gauged streams but whose gauging stations are no longer operational but historical data are available for model calibration. The model provides a valuable insight into the hydrologic behaviour of the upper water sources for valleys as well as provides a useful methodology for water resources assessment in situations of scarce financial resources in developing countries. In addition, it requires relatively few parameters in its calibration and has been successful applied in previous regionalization studies. It will also make possible the equitable distribution of water resources in international basins and rivers’ catchments. This paper does not apply the model anywhere, but recommends it as a methodology for water resources assessment in order to cure water conflicts on the African continent.

Key wordsnatural landscape characteristics      heritage value      comparative analyses      Kanas of Xinjiang     
Published: 07 March 2011
Corresponding Authors: Samir Mohammad Ali Alredaisy     E-mail: redaisy2@
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Samir Mohammad Ali Alredaisy. Recommending the IHACRES model for water resources assessment and resolving water conflicts in Africa. Journal of Arid Land, 2011, 3(1): 40-48.

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[1] ZhaoPing YANG, XiaoLei ZHANG, Feng DI, Geoffrey WALL, XinYu LIU, Rui SHAO. Natural heritage values and comparative analyses of Kanas, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2010, 2(3): 197-206.