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Journal of Arid Land  2014, Vol. 6 Issue (6): 717-724    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-014-0070-0
Research Articles     
Fluxes of methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide in an alpine wetland and an alpine grassland of the Tianshan Mountains, China
GuiXiang HE1,3, KaiHui LI1*, XueJun LIU1,2, YanMing GONG1, YuKun HU1
1 Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese  Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China;
2 College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China;
3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Abstract  Methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are known to be major greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. To identify the flux dynamics of these greenhouse gases is, therefore, of great significance. In this paper, we conducted a comparative study on an alpine grassland and alpine wetland at the Bayinbuluk Grassland Eco-system Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences. By using opaque, static, manual stainless steel chambers and gas chromatography, we measured the fluxes of CH4, N2O and CO2 from the grassland and wetland through an in situ monitoring study from May 2010 to October 2012. The mean flux rates of CH4, N2O and CO2 for the experimental alpine wetland in the growing season (from May to October) were estimated at 322.4 μg/(m2•h), 16.7 μg/(m2•h) and 76.7 mg/(m2•h), respectively; and the values for the alpine grassland were –88.2 μg/(m2•h), 12.7 μg/(m2•h), 57.3 mg/(m2•h), respectively. The gas fluxes showed large seasonal and annual variations, suggesting weak fluxes in the non-growing season. The relationships between these gas fluxes and environental factors were analyzed for the two alpine ecosystems. The results showed that air temperature, precipitation, soil temperature and soil moisture can greatly influence the fluxes of CH4, N2O and CO2, but the alpine grassland and alpine wetland showed different feedback mechanisms under the same climate and environmental conditions.

Received: 23 August 2013      Published: 10 December 2014

This work was funded by the National Basic Research Program of China (2009CB825103), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41340041), the West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XBBS201206). The authors would like to express their deep gratitude to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions that greatly improved the manuscript.

Corresponding Authors: KaiHui LI     E-mail:
Cite this article:

GuiXiang HE, KaiHui LI, XueJun LIU, YanMing GONG, YuKun HU. Fluxes of methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide in an alpine wetland and an alpine grassland of the Tianshan Mountains, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2014, 6(6): 717-724.

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