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Journal of Arid Land
Status and distribution of ungulates in Xinjiang, China
XingYi GAO, WenXuan XU, WeiKang YANG, David A BLANK, JianFang QIAO, KeFen XU
1 Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3 Institute of Zoology, Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences, Almaty 050010, Kazakhstan
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Abstract  Based on a long-term field investigation and other research results, we reviewed the status and distribution of ungulates in Xinjiang, China. The ungulates in Xinjiang included 19 ungulate species (30 subspecies) from 6 families and 2 orders. Among them, 3 species (2 subspecies) relate to Equidae (Perrisodactyla), and 16 species (28 subspecies) are from 5 families of Artiodactyla. In this paper, we analyzed the conservation status of most rare and important 13 ungulate species. Firstly, we proposed the protection of genetic diversity of Camelus ferus and the distribution areas of Moschus sifanicus, Procapra przewalskii and Saiga tatarica in Xinjiang. We found that Moschus sifanicus but not Procapra przewalskii distributed in Xinjiang. It was not clear whether the remnant populations of Saiga tatarica existed in Xinjiang and China-Kazakhstan border or not. We discussed that the protection level and rational use of Capra sibirica and enhancing protection level and enlarging monitoring and research projects for Pantholops hodgsoni and Gazella subgutturosa. And we would like to suggest Forestry Department to develop the captive breeding of Tibetan antelope for rational use. In addition, the captive breeding of Cervus elaphus in Xinjiang was reviewed. Local government should lessen strong control to Cervus elaphus because of many breeding centers’ establishment.

Key wordsemergy analysis      economic geography      regional sustainable development      arid and semi-arid area      Gansu province     
Received: 03 August 2010      Published: 07 March 2011
Corresponding Authors: WeiKang YANG     E-mail:
Cite this article:

XingYi GAO, WenXuan XU, WeiKang YANG, David A BLANK, JianFang QIAO, KeFen XU. Status and distribution of ungulates in Xinjiang, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2011, 3(1): 49-60.

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