Please wait a minute...
Journal of Arid Land  2019, Vol. 11 Issue (6): 892-903    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-019-0028-3
Orginal Article     
Impacts of climate warming and crop management on maize phenology in northern China
XIAO Dengpan1, ZHAO Yanxi1, BAI Huizi1, HU Yukun2, CAO Jiansheng2,*()
1 Engineering Technology Research Center, Geographic Information Development and Application of Hebei, Institute of Geographical Sciences, Hebei Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050011, China
2 Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050021, China
Download: HTML     PDF(1289KB)
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  

Climate warming has and will continue to exert a significantly impact on crop phenology in the past and coming decades. Combining observed data of phenology and a crop growth model provides a good approach for quantitating the effects of climate warming and crop management on crop phenology. The purpose of this study is to determine the impacts of temperature change, sowing date (SD) adjustment and cultivar shift on maize phenology in northern China during 1981-2010. Results indicated that climate warming caused anthesis date (AD) and maturity date (MD) of maize to advance by 0.2?5.5 and 0.6?11.1 d/10a, respectively. Due to climate-driven changes in maize phenology, three growth periods of maize, i.e., vegetative growth period (VGP; from sowing to anthesis), reproductive growth period (RGP; from anthesis to maturity) and whole growth period (WGP; from sowing to maturity) shortened by 0.2?5.5, 0.4?5.6 and 0.6?11.1 d/10a, respectively. With SD adjustment (i.e., SD advancement), AD and MD occurred early by 0.5?2.6 and 0.1?3.4 d/10a, respectively. SD adjustment caused duration of VGP of maize to prolong. However, duration of RGP slightly shortened by 0.1?1.3 d/10a. Furthermore, due to cultivar shift, MD of maize significantly delayed by 4.9?12.2 d/10a. Durations of VGP, RGP and WGP of maize prolonged by 0.2?4.1, 1.6?8.4 and 4.3?11.8 d/10a, respectively. In conclusion, our results indicated that cultivar shift, to some extent, could mitigate the negative impact of climate warming on maize phenology.



Key wordsanthesis date      maturity date      sowing date      growth period      cultivar shift     
Received: 25 May 2018      Published: 10 December 2019
Corresponding Authors: Jiansheng CAO     E-mail: caojs@sjziam.ac.cn
Cite this article:

XIAO Dengpan, ZHAO Yanxi, BAI Huizi, HU Yukun, CAO Jiansheng. Impacts of climate warming and crop management on maize phenology in northern China. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(6): 892-903.

URL:

http://jal.xjegi.com/10.1007/s40333-019-0028-3     OR     http://jal.xjegi.com/Y2019/V11/I6/892

1 Abbas G, Ahmad S, Ahmad A, et al. 2017. Quantification the impacts of climate change and crop management on phenology of maize-based cropping system in Punjab, Pakistan. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 247: 42-55.
2 Estrella N, Sparks T M, Menzel A. 2007. Trends and temperature response in the phenology of crops in Germany. Global Change Biology, 13(8): 1737-1747.
3 Guo E L, Zhang J Q, Wang Y F, et al. 2018. Assessing non-linear variation of temperature and precipitation for different growth periods of maize and their impacts on phenology in the Midwest of Jilin Province, China. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 132(3-4): 685-699.
4 Holzworth D P, Huth N I, deVoil P G, et al. 2014. APSIM-evolution towards a new generation of agricultural systems simulation. Environmental Modelling and Software, 62: 327-350.
5 Hou P, Liu Y E, Xie R Z, et al. 2014. Temporal and spatial variation in accumulated temperature requirements of maize. Field Crops Research, 158: 55-64.
6 IPCC. Climate Change 2013. The physical science basis. In: Stocker T F, Qin D, Platter G K, et al. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 467-570.
7 Li J S. 2009. Production, Breeding and Process of Maize in China. In: Bennetzen J L, Hake S C. Handbook of Maize: Its Biology. New York: Springer, 563-576.
8 Li Z G, Yang P, Tang H J, et al. 2014. Response of maize phenology to climate warming in Northeast China between 1990 and 2012. Regional Environmental Change, 14(1): 39-48.
9 Liu Y J, Qin Y, Ge Q S, et al. 2017. Reponses and sensitivities of maize phenology to climate change from 1981 to 2009 in Henan Province, China. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 27(9): 1072-1084.
10 Liu Y J, Chen Q M, Ge Q S, et al. 2018. Modelling the impacts of climate change and crop management on phenological trends of spring and winter wheat in China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248: 518-526.
11 Liu Z J, Hubbard K G, Lin X M, et al. 2013. Negative effects of climate warming on maize yield are reversed by the changing of sowing date and cultivar selection in Northeast China. Global Change Biology, 19(11): 3481-3492.
12 Lobell D B, Burke M B, Tebaldi C, et al. 2008. Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030. Science, 319(5386): 607-610.
13 Lv Z F, Li F F, Lu G Q. 2019. Adjusting sowing date and cultivar shift improve maize adaption to climate change in China. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, doi: 10.1007/s11027-019-09861-w.
14 Ma S X, Churkina G, Trusilova K. 2012. Investigating the impact of climate change on crop phenological events in Europe with a phenology model. International Journal of Biometeorology, 56(4): 749-763.
15 McCown R L, Hammer G L, Hargreaves J N G, et al. 1996. APSIM: a novel software system for model development, model testing and simulation in agricultural systems research. Agricultural Systems, 50(3): 255-271.
16 Piao S L, Ciais P, Huang Y, et al. 2010. The impacts of climate change on water resources and agriculture in China. Nature, 467: 43-51.
17 Pongratz J, Lobell D B, Cao L, et al. 2012. Crop yields in a geoengineered climate. Nature Climate Change, 2: 101-105.
18 Prescott J A. 1940. Evaporation from a water surface in relation to solar radiation. Transaction of Royal Society of Science Australia, 64: 114-118.
19 Qin Y, Liu Y J, Ge Q S. 2018. Spatiotemporal variations in maize phenology of China under climate change from 1981-2010. Acta Geographica Sinica, 73(5): 906-916.
20 Rezaei E E, Siebert S, Huging H, et al. 2018. Climate change effect on wheat phenology depends on cultivar change. Scientific Reports, 8: 4891.
21 Sacks W J, Kucharik C J. 2011. Crop management and phenology trends in the U.S Corn Belt impacts on yields, evapotranspiration and energy balance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(7): 882-894.
22 Tao F L, Zhang Z, Zhang S. 2012. Response of crop yields to climate trends since 1980 in China. Climate Research, 54(3): 233-247.
23 Tao F L, Zhang Z, Xiao D P, et al. 2014a. Responses of wheat growth and yield to climate change in different climate zones of China, 1981-2009. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 189-190: 91-104.
24 Tao F L, Zhang S, Zhang Z, et al. 2014b. Maize growing duration was prolonged across China in the past three decades under the combined effects of temperature, agronomic management, and cultivar shift. Global Change Biology, 20(12): 3686-3699.
25 Wang N, Wang J, Wang E L, et al. 2015. Increased uncertainty in simulated maize phenology with more frequent supra-optimal temperature under climate warming. European Journal of Agronomy, 71: 19-33.
26 Wang Z, Chen J, Li Y, et al. 2016. Effects of climate change and cultivar on summer maize phenology. International Journal of Plant Production, 10(4): 509-526.
27 Xiao D P, Tao F L, Liu Y J, et al. 2013. Observed changes in winter wheat phenology in the North China Plain for 1981-2009. International Journal of Biometeorology, 57(2): 275-285.
28 Xiao D P, Tao F L. 2014. Contributions of cultivars, management and climate change to winter wheat yield in the North China Plain in the past three decades. European Journal of Agronomy, 52: 112-122.
29 Xiao D P, Qi Y Q, Shen Y J, et al. 2016a. Impact of warming climate and cultivar change on maize phenology in the last three decades in North China Plain. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 124(3-4): 653-661.
30 Xiao D P, Tao F L, Shen Y J, et al. 2016b. Combined impact of climate change, cultivar shift, and sowing date on spring wheat phenology in northern China. Journal of Meteorological Research, 30(5): 820-831.
31 Zhao J, Yang X G, Dai S W, et al. 2015. Increased utilization of lengthening growing season and warming temperatures by adjusting sowing dates and cultivar selection for spring maize in Northeast China. European Journal of Agronomy, 67: 12-19.
No related articles found!