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Journal of Arid Land  2019, Vol. 11 Issue (6): 866-879    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-019-0002-0
Orginal Article     
Water transport and water use efficiency differ among Populus euphratica Oliv. saplings exposed to saline water irrigation
ZHOU Honghua1,2, CHEN Yaning1,2, ZHU Chenggang1, YANG Yuhai1,2, YE Zhaoxia1,*()
1 State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Abstract  

Populus euphratica Oliv. is a unique woody tree that can be utilized for vegetation restoration in arid and semi-arid areas. The effects of saline water irrigation (0.00, 2.93, 8.78 and 17.55 g/L NaCl solutions) on water transport and water use efficiency (WUE) of P. euphratica saplings were researched for improving the survival of P. euphratica saplings and vegetation restoration in arid and semi-arid areas of Xinjiang, China in 2011. Results showed that hydraulic conductivity and vulnerability to cavitation of P. euphratica saplings were more sensitive in root xylem than in twig xylem when irrigation water salinity increased. Irrigation with saline water concentration less than 8.78 g/L did not affect the growth of P. euphratica saplings, under which they maintained normal water transport in twig xylem through adjustment of anatomical structure of vessels and kept higher WUE and photosynthesis in leaves through adjustment of stomata. However, irrigation with saline water concentration up to 17.55 g/L severely inhibited the photochemical process and WUE of P. euphratica saplings, resulting in severe water-deficit in leaves and a sharp reduction in water transport in xylem. Thus, it is feasible to irrigate P. euphratica forest by using saline groundwater for improving the survival of P. euphratica saplings and vegetation restoration in arid and semi-arid areas of Xinjiang, China.



Key wordsphotosynthesis      photochemical process      water use efficiency      hydraulic conductivity      cavitation resistance     
Received: 02 February 2018      Published: 10 December 2019
Corresponding Authors: Zhaoxia YE     E-mail: yezx@ms.xjb.ac.cn
Cite this article:

ZHOU Honghua, CHEN Yaning, ZHU Chenggang, YANG Yuhai, YE Zhaoxia. Water transport and water use efficiency differ among Populus euphratica Oliv. saplings exposed to saline water irrigation. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(6): 866-879.

URL:

http://jal.xjegi.com/10.1007/s40333-019-0002-0     OR     http://jal.xjegi.com/Y2019/V11/I6/866

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