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Journal of Arid Land  2016, Vol. 8 Issue (3): 350-363    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-016-0042-7
Research Articles     
Contents of soil organic carbon and nitrogen in water-stable aggregates in abandoned agricultural lands in an arid ecosystem of Northwest China
WANG Junqiang1,2*, LIU Lichao1, QIU Xiaoqing3, WEI Yujie2, LI Yanrong2, SHI Zhiguo2
1 Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
2 Gansu Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Wuwei 733006, China;
3 Gansu Polytechnic College of Animal Husbandry & Engineering, Wuwei 733006, China
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Abstract  Soil organic matter content in water-stable aggregates (WSA) in the arid ecosystems (abandoned agricultural lands especially) of China is poorly understood. In this study, we examined the WSA sizes and stability, and soil organic carbon (OC) and nitrogen (N) contents in agricultural lands with abandonment ages of 0, 3, 12, 20, 30 and 40 years, respectively, in the Minqin Oasis of Northwest China. The total soil OC and N contents at depths of 0–20, 20–40 and 40–60 cm in abandoned agricultural lands were compared to those in cultivated land (the control). Agricultural land abandonment significantly (P<0.05) influenced the distribution of MWD (mean weight diameter), and OC and N contents. There were significant increases in MWD and the proportion of macroaggregates (sizes >0.25 mm) as the age of agricultural land abandonment increased. The effect of abandonment ages of agricultural lands on MWD was determined by the changes of OC and N accumulation in WSA sizes >2 mm. The total OC and N contents presented a stratification phenomenon across soil depths in this arid ecosystem. That is, both of them decreased significantly at depths of 0–20 and 40–60 cm while increased at the depth of 20–40 cm. The WSA sizes <0.053 mm had the highest soil OC and N contents (accounting for 51.41%–55.59% and 42.61%–48.94% of their total, respectively). Soil OC and N contents in microaggregates (sizes 0.053–0.25 mm) were the dominant factors that influenced the variations of total OC and N contents in abandoned agricultural lands. The results of this study suggested that agricultural land abandonment may result in the recovery of WSA stability and the shifting of soil organic matter from the silt+clay (<0.053 mm) and microaggregate fractions to the macroaggregate fractions. However, agricultural land abandonment did not increase total soil OC and N contents in the short-term.

Key wordssandy desertification      aeolian activity      soil nutrients      Mu Us Desert     
Published: 01 June 2016
Fund:  

The Science & Technology Pillar Program of Gansu Province (1104FKCH162, 1204FKCH164, 1304FKCH102)

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (31560170)

Corresponding Authors: WANG Junqiang     E-mail: wangjunq0303@163.com
Cite this article:

WANG Junqiang, LIU Lichao, QIU Xiaoqing, WEI Yujie, LI Yanrong, SHI Zhiguo. Contents of soil organic carbon and nitrogen in water-stable aggregates in abandoned agricultural lands in an arid ecosystem of Northwest China. Journal of Arid Land, 2016, 8(3): 350-363.

URL:

http://jal.xjegi.com/10.1007/s40333-016-0042-7     OR     http://jal.xjegi.com/Y2016/V8/I3/350

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