Please wait a minute...
Journal of Arid Land  2011, Vol. 3 Issue (4): 231-321    DOI:
Study of the Species Diversity of Plant Communities in the Northern Slopes of Karlik Range—Naomaohu
ZHANG Hai-yan 1, 2, QIAN Yi-bing 1, DUAN Shi-min 1,WANG Zhong-chen 1, 2,HUANG Cai-xia 3
(1. Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology and Desert Environment, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China; 2. Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China; 3. Development and Reform Bureau, Yiwu County Xinjiang 839300, China)
Download:   PDF(0KB)
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  Based on data from 22 sample sites, species diversity of plant communities in the northern slope of Karlike Range—Naomaohu were discussed. The Karlike Range is situated in the eastern section of the Tianshan Mountains, and Naomaohu is located between the Altai Mountains and Tianshan Mountains. The research on the botany has not been found in this region yet. Applying the analytical method of species diversity indices, the composition, species, and diversity of the vegetation in the study area are discussed this paper. The results show that the higher plants in this area have 33 families, 93 genera and 133 species, which are dominated by Compositae, Gramineae, Chenopodiaceae, Leguminosae, Ranunculaceae, Cyperaceae and so on. The composition of plant life-forms is mainly herbaceous. Principal component analysis of indices shows that, in terms of diversity indices, the species richness index (R), Pielou evenness index (Jsi), Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H) and Simpson dominance index (C) can better describe the characteristics of the plant communities in the study area. The vegetation types are varied in study area, but the vegetation vertical zonal spectrum is incomplete and there is no mountain meadow. Compared with other mountains on the northern slopes of the Tianshan Mountains, the distributing boundary of the grasslands in Karlik Range is high. Analyzing the species diversity indices of different plant communities indicates that the diversity index, species richness index and evenness index display a common trend, while the dominance index is on the contrary. The fluctuation of the evenness index is very slight, indicates that the distribution of species in different plant communities is quite uniform. The four types of species diversity indices can well reflect the differences between species composition and community organization of different plant communities. With the rising of elevations, the species diversity, evenness and richness increase gradually at first and then reduce. The plant species diversities are lower in the desert ecosystem and higher in the high mountain ecosystem and reach the maximum at the intermediate zone. This is due to the allocation of heat, temperature, precipitation and other environmental factors favorable in the intermediate zone.

Key wordsecosystem      self-organization      non-equilibrium thermodynamics      functional diversity      phenotypic diversity     
Published: 25 April 2011
Cite this article:

ZHANG Hai-Yan, QIAN Yi-Bing, DUAN Shi-Min, WANG Zhong-Chen, HUANG Cai-Xia. Study of the Species Diversity of Plant Communities in the Northern Slopes of Karlik Range—Naomaohu. Journal of Arid Land, 2011, 3(4): 231-321.

URL:     OR

[1] Mohsen SHARAFATMANDRAD, Azam KHOSRAVI MASHIZI. Plant community dynamics in arid lands: the role of desert ants[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2021, 13(3): 303-316.
[2] Ahmed M M HASOBA, Ahmed A H SIDDIG, Yousif E YAGOUB. Exploring tree diversity and stand structure of savanna woodlands in southeastern Sudan[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(4): 609-617.
[3] Masoud BAZGIR, Reza OMIDIPOUR, Mehdi HEYDARI, Nasim ZAINALI, Masoud HAMIDI, Daniel C DEY. Prioritizing woody species for the rehabilitation of arid lands in western Iran based on soil properties and carbon sequestration[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(4): 640-652.
[4] PENG Yu, FU Bojie, ZHANG Linxiu, YU Xiubo, FU Chao, Salif DIOP, Hubert HIRWA, Aliou GUISSE, LI Fadong. Global Dryland Ecosystem Programme (G-DEP): Africa consultative meeting report[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(3): 538-544.
[5] LI Yue, WANG Jijun, HAN Xiaojia, GUO Mancai, CHENG Simin, QIAO Mei, ZHAO Xiaocui. Coupling between the Grain for Green Program and a household level-based agricultural eco-economic system in Ansai, Shaanxi Province of China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(2): 199-214.
[6] QIAO Xianguo, GUO Ke, LI Guoqing, ZHAO Liqing, LI Frank Yonghong, GAO Chenguang. Assessing the collapse risk of Stipa bungeana grassland in China based on its distribution changes[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(2): 303-317.
[7] Shaofei JIN, Xiaohong TIAN, Hesong WANG. Hierarchical responses of soil organic and inorganic carbon dynamics to soil acidification in a dryland agroecosystem, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(5): 726-736.
[8] PORDEL Fatemeh, EBRAHIMI Ataollah, AZIZI Zahra. Canopy cover or remotely sensed vegetation index, explanatory variables of above-ground biomass in an arid rangeland, Iran[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(5): 767-780.
[9] IQBAL Mudassar, Jun WEN, Shaoping WANG, Hui TIAN, ADNAN Muhammad. Variations of precipitation characteristics during the period 1960-2014 in the Source Region of the Yellow River, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(3): 388-401.
[10] Yang YU, Xi CHEN, HUTTNER Philipp, HINNENTHAL Marie, BRIEDEN Andreas, Lingxiao SUN, DISSE Markus. Model based decision support system for land use changes and socio-economic assessments[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(2): 169-182.
[11] Fan YANG, Laiming HUANG, Renmin YANG, Fei YANG, Decheng LI, Yuguo ZHAO, Jinling YANG, Feng LIU, Ganlin ZHANG. Vertical distribution and storage of soil organic and inorganic carbon in a typical inland river basin, Northwest China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(2): 183-201.
[12] Yibo ZHANG, Wen XU, Zhang WEN, Dandan WANG, Tianxiang HAO, Aohan TANG, Xuejun LIU. Atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen in a semi-arid grassland of Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(6): 810-822.
[13] Gang HUANG, Yan LI, Xiaohan MU, Hongmei ZHAO, Yanfeng CAO. Water-use efficiency in response to simulated increasing precipitation in a temperate desert ecosystem, of Xinjiang, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(6): 823-836.
[14] Hong ZHANG, Wenxin XU, Yubao LI, Jialong LYU, Yingfei CAO, Wenxiang HE. Changes of soil microbial communities during decomposition of straw residues under different land uses[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(5): 666-677.
[15] Wei ZHANG, Gaosen ZHANG, Xiukun WU, Guangxiu LIU, Zhibao DONG, Jianjun QU, Yun WANG, Tuo CHEN. Bacterial diversity in the sediment of Crescent Moon Spring, Kumtag Desert, Northwest China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(2): 278-286.