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Journal of Arid Land  2013, Vol. 5 Issue (1): 60-70    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-013-0142-6
Research Articles     
Soil water and salt distribution under furrow irrigation of saline water with plastic mulch on ridge
Alxa Desert Ecohydrological Experimental Research Station, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
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Abstract  Furrow irrigation when combined with plastic mulch on ridge is one of the current uppermost wa-ter-saving irrigation technologies for arid regions. The present paper studies the dynamics of soil water-salt trans-portation and its spatial distribution characteristics under irrigation with saline water in a maize field experiment. The mathematical relationships for soil salinity, irrigation amount and water salinity are also established to evaluate the contribution of the irrigation amount and the salinity of saline water to soil salt accumulation. The result showed that irrigation with water of high salinity could effectively increase soil water content, but the increment is limited com-paring with the influence from irrigation amount. The soil water content in furrows was higher than that in ridges at the same soil layers, with increments of 12.87% and 13.70% for MMF9 (the treatment with the highest water salinity and the largest amount of irrigation water) and MMF1 (the treatment with the lowest water salinity and the least amount of irrigation water) on 27 June, respectively. The increment for MMF9 was gradually reduced while that for MMF1 increased along with growth stages, the values for 17 August being 2.40% and 19.92%, respectively. Soil water content in the ridge for MMF9 reduced gradually from the surface layer to deeper layers while the surface soil water content for MMF1 was smaller than the contents below 20 cm at the early growing stage. Soil salinities for the treatments with the same amount of irrigation water but different water salinity increased with the water salinity. When water salinity was 6.04 dS/m, the less water resulted in more salt accumulation in topsoil and less in deep layers. When water salinity was 2.89 dS/m, however, the less water resulted in less salt accumulation in topsoil and salinity remained basically stable in deep layers. The salt accumulation in the ridge surface was much smaller than that in the furrow bottom under this technology, which was quite different from traditional furrow irrigation. The soil salinities for MMF7, MMF8 and MMF9 in the ridge surface were 0.191, 0.355 and 0.427 dS/m, respectively, whereas those in the furrow bottom were 0.316, 0.521 and 0.631 dS/m, respectively. The result of correlation analysis indicated that compared with irrigation amount, the irrigation water salinity was still the main factor influ-encing soil salinity in furrow irrigation with plastic mulch on ridge.

Key wordscarbon sequestration      labile organic carbon      land use      cultivation      abandonment      Loess Plateau     
Received: 06 March 2012      Published: 06 March 2013

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (91025002, 30970492) and the National Key Technology R & D Program (2012BAC08B05).

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Cite this article:

LiJuan CHEN, Qi FENG. Soil water and salt distribution under furrow irrigation of saline water with plastic mulch on ridge. Journal of Arid Land, 2013, 5(1): 60-70.

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