Please wait a minute...
Journal of Arid Land  2017, Vol. 9 Issue (2): 222-233    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-017-0011-9
Research Article     
Influences of drip and flood irrigation on soil carbon dioxide emission and soil carbon sequestration of maize cropland in the North China Plain
Shufang GUO, Yuchun QI, Qin PENG, Yunshe DONG*(), Yunlong HE, Zhongqing YAN, Liqin WANG
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100101, China
Download: HTML     PDF(289KB)
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

Abstract  

The need is pressing to investigate soil CO2(carbon dioxide)emissions and soil organic carbon dynamics under water-saving irrigation practices in agricultural systems for exploring the potentials of soil carbon sequestration. A field experiment was conducted to compare the influences of drip irrigation (DI) and flood irrigation (FI) on soil organic carbon dynamics and the spatial and temporal variations in CO2 emissions during the summer maize growing season in the North China Plain using the static closed chamber method. The mean CO2 efflux over the growing season was larger under DIthan that under FI. The cumulative CO2 emissions at the field scalewere 1959.10 and 1759.12 g/m2 under DI and FI, respectively. The cumulative CO2 emission onplant rows (OR) was larger than that between plant rows (BR) under FI, and the cumulative CO2 emission on the irrigationpipes (OP) was larger than that between irrigationpipes (BP) under DI. The cumulative CO2 emissions of OP, BP and bare area (BA) under DI were larger than those of OR, BR and BA under FI, respectively. Additionally, DI promoted root respiration more effectively than FI did. The average proportion of root respiration contributing to the soil CO2 emissions of OP under DI was larger than that of OR under FI. A general conclusion drawn from this study is that soil CO2 emission was significantly influenced by the soil water content, soil temperature and air temperature under both DI and FI. Larger concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and total organic carbon (TOC) were observed under FI than those under DI. The observed high concentrations (DOC, MBC, and TOC) under FI might be resulted from the irrigation-associated soil saturation that in turn inhibited microbial activity and lowered decomposition rate of soil organic matter. However, DI increased the soil organic matter quality (the ratio of MBC to TOC) at the depth of 10-20 cm compared with FI. Our results suggest that the transformation from conventional FI to integrated DI can increase the CO2 emissions and DI needs to be combined with other management practices to reduce the CO2 emissions from summer maize fields in the North China Plain.



Key wordsdrip irrigation      flood irrigation      spatio-temporal variation      carbon dioxide      soil organic carbon      North China Plain     
Received: 14 December 2015      Published: 20 April 2017
Corresponding Authors: Yunshe DONG     E-mail: dongys@igsnrr.ac.cn
Cite this article:

Shufang GUO, Yuchun QI, Qin PENG, Yunshe DONG, Yunlong HE, Zhongqing YAN, Liqin WANG. Influences of drip and flood irrigation on soil carbon dioxide emission and soil carbon sequestration of maize cropland in the North China Plain. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(2): 222-233.

URL:

http://jal.xjegi.com/10.1007/s40333-017-0011-9     OR     http://jal.xjegi.com/Y2017/V9/I2/222

1 Alberti G, Vedove G D, Zuliani M, et al.2010. Changes in CO2 emissions after crop conversion from continuous maize to alfalfa. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 136(1-2): 139-147.
2 Al-Kaisi M M, Yin X H.2005. Tillage and crop residue effects on soil carbon and carbon dioxide emission in corn-soybean rotations. Journal of Environmental Quality, 34(2): 437-445.
3 Allen R G, Pereira L S, Raes D, et al.1998. Crop Evapotranspiration: Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirements. Rome, Italy: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 56.
4 Amos B, Arkebauer T J, Doran J W.2005. Soil surface fluxes of greenhouse gases in an irrigated maize-based agroecosystem. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 69(2): 387-395.
5 Anderson T H, Domsch K H.1986.Carbon assimilation and microbial activity in soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 149(4): 457-468.
6 Arroita M, Causapé J, Comín F A, et al.2013. Irrigation agriculture affects organic matter decomposition in semi-arid terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 263: 139-145.
7 Bajracharya R M, Lal R, Kimble J M.2000. Diurnal and seasonal CO2-C flux from soil as related to erosion phases in central Ohio. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64(1): 286-293.
8 Butenschoen O, Scheu S, Eisenhauer N.2011. Interactive effects of warming, soil humidity and plant diversity on litter decomposition and microbial activity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43(9): 1902-1907.
9 Calderón F J, Jackson L E.2002. Rototillage, disking, and subsequent irrigation: effects on soil nitrogen dynamics, microbial biomass, and carbon dioxide efflux. Journal of Environmental Quality, 31(3): 752-758.
10 Chai Z P, Liang Z, Wang X M, et al.2008. The influence of the different methods of irrigation on the soil physical properties in cotton field. Journal of Xinjiang Agricultural University, 31(5): 57-59. (in Chinese)
11 Curtin D, Wang H, Selles F, et al.2000. Tillage effects on carbon fluxes in continuous wheat and fallow-wheat rotations. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64(6): 2080-2086.
12 Duxbury J M.1995. The significance of agricultural sources of greenhouse gas emissions from soil of tropical agroecosystems. In: Lal R, Kimble J, Levine E, et al. Soil Management and the Greenhouse Effect. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publication, 279-291.
13 Fang C, Moncrieff J B, Gholz H L, et al.1998. Soil CO2 efflux and its spatial variation in a Florida slash pine plantation. Plant and Soil, 205(2): 135-146.
14 Gao Y, Yang L L, Shen X J, et al.2014. Winter wheat with subsurface drip irrigation (SDI): crop coefficients, water-use estimates, and effects of SDI on grain yield and water use efficiency. Agricultural Water Management, 146: 1-10.
15 Gillabel J, Denef K, Brenner J, et al.2007. Carbon sequestration and soil aggregation in center-pivot irrigated and dryland cultivated farming systems. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71(3): 1020-1028.
16 Han L, Zhang Y L, Jin S, et al.2010. Effect of different irrigation methods on dissolved organic carbon and microbial biomass carbon in the greenhouse soil. Agricultural Sciences in China, 9(8): 1175-1182.
17 Han X Z, Li H B, Horwath W R.2013. Temporal variations in soil CO2 efflux under different land use types in the black soil zone of Northeast China. Pedosphere, 23(5): 636-650.
18 Haynes R J.2000.Labile organic matter as an indicator of organic matter quality in arable and pastoral soils in New Zealand. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32(2): 211-219.
19 Insam H, Merschak P.1997. Nitrogen leaching from forest soil cores after amending organic recycling products and fertilizers. Waste Management & Research, 15(3): 277-292.
20 Iqbal J, Hu R G, Feng M L, et al.2010. Microbial biomass, and dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen strongly affect soil respiration in different land uses: a case study at Three Gorges Reservoir Area, South China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 137(3-4): 294-307.
21 Jabro J D, Sainju U, Stevens W B, et al.2008. Carbon dioxide flux as affected by tillage and irrigation in soil converted from perennial forages to annual crops. Journal of Environmental Management, 88(4): 1478-1484.
22 Kallenbach C M, Rolston D E, Horwath W R.2010. Cover cropping affects soil N2O and CO2 emissions differently depending on type of irrigation. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 137(3-4): 251-260.
23 Kendy E, Gérard-Marchant P, Walter M T, et al.2003. A soil-water-balance approach to quantify groundwater recharge from irrigated cropland in the North China plain. Hydrological Processes, 17(10): 2011-2031.
24 Kennedy T L, Suddick E C, Six J.2013. Reduced nitrous oxide emissions and increased yields in California tomato cropping systems under drip irrigation and fertigation. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 170: 16-27.
25 Kirschbaum M U F.2004. Soil respiration under prolonged soil warming: are rate reductions caused by acclimation or substrate loss?. Global Change Biology, 10(11): 1870-1877.
26 Lützow M V, K?gel-Knabnel I, Ekschmitt K, et al.2007. SOM fractionation methods: relevance to functional pools and to stabilization mechanisms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39(9): 2183-2207.
27 Li C F, Zhou D N, Kou Z K, et al.2012. Effects of tillage and nitrogen fertilizers on CH4 and CO2 emissions and soil organic carbon in paddy fields of central China.PLoSONE, 7(5): e34642.
28 Li Z G, Zhang R H, Wang X J, et al.2011. Carbon dioxide fluxes and concentrations in a cotton field in Northwestern China: effects of plastic mulching and drip irrigation. Pedosphere, 21(2): 178-185.
29 Li Z G, Zhang R H, Wang X J, et al.2012. Growing season carbon dioxide exchange in flooded non-mulching and non-flooded mulching cotton.PLoSONE, 7(11): e50760.
30 Lloyd J, Taylor J A.1994. On the temperature dependence of soil respiration. Functional Ecology, 8(3): 315-323.
31 Lv G H, Wen R H, Zhao Q S, et al.2014. Effect of planting density on temporal and spatial dynamics of soil respiration of rainfed maize field in Northeast China. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 33(2): 283-289. (in Chinese)
32 McDowell R W, Smith C.2012. The Winchmore trials. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 55(2): 89-91.
33 Nelson P N, Cotsaris E, Oades J M.1996. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic carbon in streams draining two grazed catchments. Journal of Environmental Quality, 25(6): 1221-1229.
34 Niu H S, Li D P, Zhang N, et al.2014. Effect of irrigation modes on carbon budget in winter wheat field. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 23(5): 749-755. (in Chinese)
35 Parkin T B, Kaspar T C.2003. Temperature controls on diurnal carbon dioxide flux: Implications for estimating soil carbon loss. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 67(6): 1763-1772.
36 Qi Y C, Dong Y S, Liu L X, et al.2010. Spatial-temporal variation in soil respiration and its controlling factors in three steppes of Stipa L. in Inner Mongolia, China. Science China Earth Science, 53(5): 683-693.
37 Rastogi M, Singh S, Pathak H.2002. Emission of carbon dioxide from soil. Current Science, 82(5): 510-517.
38 Sánchez-Martín L, Arce A, Benito A, et al.2008. Influence of drip and furrow irrigation systems on nitrogen oxide emissions from a horticultural crop. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 40(7): 1698-1706.
39 Samuelson L, Mathew R, Stokes T, et al.2009. Soil and microbial respiration in a loblolly pine plantation in response to seven years of irrigation and fertilization. Forest Ecology and Management, 258(11): 2431-2438.
40 Shao R X, Deng L, Yang Q H, et al.2014. Nitrogen fertilization increase soil carbon dioxide efflux of winter wheat field: a case study in Northwest China. Soil and Tillage Research, 143: 164-171.
41 Song Y Y, Song C C, Yang G S, et al.2012.Changes in labile organic carbon fractions and soil enzyme activities after marshland reclamation and restoration in the Sanjiang Plain in Northeast China. Environmental Management, 50(3): 418-426.
42 Sparling G P, Ross D J.1988.Microbial contributions to the increased nitrogen mineralization after air-drying of soils. Plant and Soil, 105(2): 163-167.
43 Sparling G P, West A W.1989. Importance of soil water content when estimating soil microbial C, N and P by the fumigation-extraction methods. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 21(2): 245-253.
44 Tang J W, Baldocchi D D.2005. Spatial-temporal variation in soil respiration in an oak-grass savanna ecosystem in California and its partitioning into autotrophic and heterotrophic components. Biogeochemistry, 73(1): 183-207.
45 Van Gestel M, Merckx R, Vlassak K.1993. Microbial biomass responses to soil drying and rewetting: the fate of fast-and slow-growing microorganisms in soils from different climates. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 25(1): 109-123.
46 Wang F L, Bettany J R.1993. Influence of freeze-thaw and flooding on the loss of soluble organic carbon and carbon dioxide from soil. Journal of Environmental Quality, 22(4): 709-714.
47 Wiseman P E, Seiler J R.2004. Soil CO2 efflux across four age classes of plantation loblolly pine (Pinustaeda L.) on the Virginia Piedmont. Forest Ecology and Management, 192(2-3): 297-311.
48 Xie R, Wu X Q.2016. Effects of grazing intensity on soil organic carbon of rangelands in XilinGol League, Inner Mongolia
49 China. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 26(11): 1550-1560.
50 Wu D R, Yu Q, Lu C H, et al.2006. Quantifying production potentials of winter wheat in the North China plain. European Journal of Agronomy, 24(3): 226-235.
51 Wu J S, Lin Q M, Huang Q Y, et al.2006.Soil Microbial Biomass-Methods and Applications. Beijing: China Meteorological Press. (in Chinese)
52 Xu M, Qi Y.2001. Soil-surface CO2 efflux and its spatial and temporal variations in a young ponderosa pine plantation in northern California. Global Change Biology, 7(6): 667-677.
53 Zhang Q B, Yang L, Xu Z Z, et al.2014. Effects of cotton field management practices on soil CO2 emission and C balance in an arid region of Northwest China. Journal of Arid Land, 6(4): 468-477.
54 Zhang Y Q, Kendy E, Yu Q, et al.2004. Effect of soil water deficit on evapotranspiration, crop yield, and water use efficiency in the North China Plain. Agricultural Water Management, 64(2): 107-122.
[1] Batande Sinovuyo NDZELU, DOU Sen, ZHANG Xiaowei. Corn straw return can increase labile soil organic carbon fractions and improve water-stable aggregates in Haplic Cambisol[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(6): 1018-1030.
[2] LIU Xiaoju, PAN Cunde. Effects of recovery time after fire and fire severity on stand structure and soil of larch forest in the Kanas National Nature Reserve, Northwest China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(6): 811-823.
[3] SUN Lipeng, HE Lirong, WANG Guoliang, JING Hang, LIU Guobin. Natural vegetation restoration of Liaodong oak (Quercus liaotungensis Koidz.) forests rapidly increased the content and ratio of inert carbon in soil macroaggregates[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(6): 928-938.
[4] Shenghai PU, Guangyong LI, Guangmu TANG, Yunshu ZHANG, Wanli XU, Pan LI, Guangping FENG, Feng DING. Effects of biochar on water movement characteristics in sandy soil under drip irrigation[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(5): 740-753.
[5] Jun WU, STEPHEN Yeboah, Liqun CAI, Renzhi ZHANG, Peng QI, Zhuzhu LUO, Lingling LI, Junhong XIE, Bo DONG. Effects of different tillage and straw retention practices on soil aggregates and carbon and nitrogen sequestration in soils of the northwestern China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(4): 567-578.
[6] Jun ZHANG, Peng DONG, Haoyu ZHANG, Chaoran MENG, Xinjiang ZHANG, Jianwei HOU, Changzhou WEI. Low soil temperature reducing the yield of drip irrigated rice in arid area by influencing anther development and pollination[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(3): 419-430.
[7] Tong HENG, Renkuan LIAO, Zhenhua WANG, Wenyong WU, Wenhao LI, Jinzhu ZHANG. Effects of combined drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage on water and salt transport of saline-alkali soil in Xinjiang, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(6): 932-945.
[8] Shaofei JIN, Xiaohong TIAN, Hesong WANG. Hierarchical responses of soil organic and inorganic carbon dynamics to soil acidification in a dryland agroecosystem, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(5): 726-736.
[9] Xianfeng LIU, Xiufang ZHU, Yaozhong PAN, Jianjun BAI, Shuangshuang LI. Performance of different drought indices for agriculture drought in the North China Plain[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(4): 507-516.
[10] Xu BI, Bo LI, Bo NAN, Yao FAN, Qi FU, Xinshi ZHANG. Characteristics of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen under various grassland types along a transect in a mountain-basin system in Xinjiang, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(4): 612-627.
[11] Xiaobo GU, Yuannong LI, Yadan DU. Film-mulched continuous ridge-furrow planting improves soil temperature, nutrient content and enzymatic activity in a winter oilseed rape field, Northwest China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(3): 362-374.
[12] Dongyan JIN, J MURRAY Phil, Xiaoping XIN, Yifei QIN, Baorui CHEN, Gele QING, Zhao ZHANG, Ruirui YAN. Attribution of explanatory factors for change in soil organic carbon density in the native grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(3): 375-387.
[13] Quanlin MA, Yaolin WANG, Yinke LI, Tao SUN, MILNE Eleanor. Carbon storage in a wolfberry plantation chronosequence established on a secondary saline land in an arid irrigated area of Gansu Province, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(2): 202-216.
[14] Juan HU, Jinggui WU, Xiaojing QU. Decomposition characteristics of organic materials and their effects on labile and recalcitrant organic carbon fractions in a semi-arid soil under plastic mulch and drip irrigation[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(1): 115-128.
[15] Wen SHANG, Yuqiang LI, Xueyong ZHAO, Tonghui ZHANG, Quanlin MA, Jinnian TANG, Jing FENG, Na SU. Effects of Caragana microphylla plantations on organic carbon sequestration in total and labile soil organic carbon fractions in the Horqin Sandy Land, northern China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(5): 688-700.