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Journal of Arid Land  2018, Vol. 10 Issue (6): 932-945    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-018-0061-7
Research article     
Effects of combined drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage on water and salt transport of saline-alkali soil in Xinjiang, China
Tong HENG1,2, Renkuan LIAO3, Zhenhua WANG1,2,*(), Wenyong WU3, Wenhao LI1,2, Jinzhu ZHANG1,2
1 College of Water & Architectural Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832000, China;
2 Key Laboratory of Modern Water-Saving Irrigation of Xinjiang Production and Construction Group, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832000, China
3 China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100048, China
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Abstract  

Developing effective irrigation and drainage strategies to improve the quality of saline-alkali soil is vital for enhancing agricultural production and increasing economic returns. In this study, we explored how irrigation and drainage modes (flood irrigation, drip irrigation, and sub-surface pipe drainage under drip irrigation) improve the saline-alkali soil in Xinjiang, China. We aimed to study the transport characteristics of soil water and salt under different irrigation and drainage modes, and analyze the effects of the combination of irrigation and drainage on soil salt leaching, as well as its impacts on the growth of oil sunflower. Our results show that sub-surface pipe drainage under drip irrigation significantly reduced the soil salt content and soil water content at the 0-200 cm soil depth. Under sub-surface pipe drainage combined with drip irrigation, the mean soil salt content was reduced to below 10 g/kg after the second irrigation, and the soil salt content decreased as sub-surface pipe distance decreased. The mean soil salt content of flood irrigation exceeded 25 g/kg, and the mean soil desalination efficiency was 3.28%, which was lower than that of drip irrigation. The mean soil desalination rate under drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage under drip irrigation was 19.30% and 58.12%, respectively. After sub-surface drainage regulation under drip irrigation, the germination percentage of oil sunflower seedlings was increased to more than 50%, which further confirmed that combined drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage is very effective in improving the quality of saline-alkali soil and increasing the productivity of agricultural crops.



Key wordssaline-alkali soil      drip irrigation      flood irrigation      sub-surface pipe drainage      soil desalination      salt leaching      arid area     
Received: 07 December 2017      Published: 07 November 2018
Corresponding Authors: Zhenhua WANG     E-mail: wzh2002027@163.com
Cite this article:

Tong HENG, Renkuan LIAO, Zhenhua WANG, Wenyong WU, Wenhao LI, Jinzhu ZHANG. Effects of combined drip irrigation and sub-surface pipe drainage on water and salt transport of saline-alkali soil in Xinjiang, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(6): 932-945.

URL:

http://jal.xjegi.com/10.1007/s40333-018-0061-7     OR     http://jal.xjegi.com/Y2018/V10/I6/932

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