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Journal of Arid Land  2015, Vol. 7 Issue (3): 304-317    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-015-0122-0
Research Articles     
An estimation method of soil wind erosion in Inner Mongolia of China based on geographic information system and remote sensing
Yi ZHOU1, Bing GUO1,2*, ShiXin WANG1, HePing TAO3
1 Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China;
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
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Abstract  Studies of wind erosion based on Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) have not attracted sufficient attention because they are limited by natural and scientific factors. Few studies have been conducted to estimate the intensity of large-scale wind erosion in Inner Mongolia, China. In the present study, a new model based on five factors including the number of snow cover days, soil erodibility, aridity, vegetation index and wind field intensity was developed to quantitatively estimate the amount of wind erosion. The results showed that wind erosion widely existed in Inner Mongolia. It covers an area of approximately 90×104 km2, accounting for 80% of the study region. During 1985–2011, wind erosion has aggravated over the entire region of Inner Mongolia, which was indicated by enlarged zones of erosion at severe, intensive and mild levels. In Inner Mongolia, a distinct spatial differentiation of wind erosion intensity was noted. The distribution of change intensity exhibited a downward trend that decreased from severe increase in the southwest to mild decrease in the northeast of the region. Zones oc-cupied by barren land or sparse vegetation showed the most severe erosion, followed by land occupied by open shrubbery. Grasslands would have the most dramatic potential for changes in the future because these areas showed the largest fluctuation range of change intensity. In addition, a significantly negative relation was noted between change intensity and land slope. The relation between soil type and change intensity differed with the content of CaCO3 and the surface composition of sandy, loamy and clayey soils with particle sizes of 0–1 cm. The results have certain significance for understanding the mechanism and change process of wind erosion that has occurred during the study period. Therefore, the present study can provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of wind erosion in Inner Mongolia.

Key wordsroot distribution      root cohesion      root extinction coefficient      soil erosion      soil reinforcement      Loess Plateau     
Received: 11 April 2014      Published: 05 February 2015

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41201441, 41371363, 41301501), Foun-dation of Director of Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Science (Y4SY0200CX) and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Spatial Information and Geomatics (1207115-18).

Cite this article:

Yi ZHOU, Bing GUO, ShiXin WANG, HePing TAO. An estimation method of soil wind erosion in Inner Mongolia of China based on geographic information system and remote sensing. Journal of Arid Land, 2015, 7(3): 304-317.

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