Please wait a minute...
Journal of Arid Land  2017, Vol. 9 Issue (4): 568-579    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-017-0060-0
Orginal Article     
Diurnal dynamics of soil respiration and the influencing factors for three land-cover types in the hinterland of the Taklimakan Desert, China
Fan YANG1,2,*(), Mamtimin ALI1,2, Xinqian ZHENG3, Qing HE1,2, Xinghua YANG1,2, Wen HUO1,2, Fengchao LIANG4, Shaoming WANG5
1 Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China
2 Taklimakan Desert Atmosphere and Environment Observation Experiment Station, Tazhong 841000, China
3 Xinjiang Agro-Meteorological Observatory, Urumqi 830002, China
4 Xinjiang Climate Center, Urumqi 830002, China
5 Forestry Bureau of Bailongjiang, Lanzhou 730050, China
Download: HTML     PDF(1206KB)
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      


Knowledge of soil respiration and the influencing factors in desert ecosystems is essential to understanding carbon dynamics and responses of biotic and abiotic processes in soils to climate change. In this study, soil respiration rate (Rs) for three land-cover types (shifting sandy land, sandy land with straw checkerboard barriers, and shelter forest land) in the hinterland of the Taklimakan Desert was measured in May 2015 using an automated soil CO2 flux system. The effects of soil temperature (Ts) and soil water content (Ws) on Rs were also analyzed. The results showed that Rs values in shifting sandy land, sandy land with straw checkerboard barriers, and shelter forest land were all low and exhibited obvious diurnal fluctuations. The establishment of straw checkerboard barriers in sandy land had no significant effect on Rs, while the establishment of shelterbelts significantly increased Rs. Shifting sandy land and sandy land with straw checkerboard barriers were carbon sinks at night and early morning and were carbon sources in the daytime, while shelter forest land always acted as a carbon source during the whole day. The synergistic effect of Ts and Ws could better explain the diurnal dynamics in Rs than single factor. In shifting sandy land and sandy land with straw checkerboard barriers, Ws was identified as a limiting factor influencing the diurnal dynamics of Rs. Furthermore, a relatively strong hysteresis loop existed between Rs and Ts. In contrast, in shelter forest land, Rs was significantly influenced by Ts, and a relatively weaker hysteresis loop existed between Rs and Ws.

Key wordssoil respiration      soil temperature      soil water content      hysteresis effect      Taklimakan Desert     
Received: 15 June 2016      Published: 10 August 2017
Corresponding Authors:
Cite this article:

Fan YANG, Mamtimin ALI, Xinqian ZHENG, Qing HE, Xinghua YANG, Wen HUO, Fengchao LIANG, Shaoming WANG. Diurnal dynamics of soil respiration and the influencing factors for three land-cover types in the hinterland of the Taklimakan Desert, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(4): 568-579.

URL:     OR

1 Bao S D.2000. Soil and Agricultural Chemistry Analysis (3rd ed.). Beijing: China Agriculture Publishing Company, 30-187. (in Chinese)
2 Cable J M, Ogle K, Lucas R W, et al.2011. The temperature responses of soil respiration in deserts: a seven desert synthesis. Biogeochemistry, 103(1-3): 71-90.
3 Chen H, Tian H Q.2005. Does a general temperature-dependent Q10 model of soil respiration exist at Biome and global scale? Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 47(11): 1288-1302.
4 Feng C Y, Lü S H, Gao J X, et al.2008. Soil respiration characteristics of different vegetation types in the mountain areas of north China. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 30(2): 20-26. (in Chinese)
5 Gao Y H, Liu L C, Jia R L, et al.2012. Soil respiration patterns during restoration of vegetation in the Shapotou area, Northern China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 32(8): 2474-2482. (in Chinese)
6 Hibbard K A, Law B E, Reichstein M, et al.2005. An analysis of soil respiration across northern hemisphere temperate ecosystems. Biogeochemistry, 73(1): 29-70.
7 Huang X, Li W H, Chen Y N, et al.2007. Soil respiration of desert riparian forests in the lower reaches of Tarim River as affected by air temperature at 10 cm above the ground surface and soil water. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 27(5): 1951-1959. (in Chinese)
8 Jasoni R L, Smith S D, Arnone III J A.2005. Net ecosystem CO2 exchange in Mojave Desert shrub lands during the eighth year of exposure to elevated CO2. Global Change Biology, 11(5): 749-756.
9 Jenkinson D S, Adams D E, Wild A.1991. Model estimates of CO2 emissions from soil in response to global warming. Nature, 351(6324): 304-306.
10 Jia X, Zha T S, Wu B, et al.2013. Temperature response of soil respiration in a Chinese pine plantation: Hysteresis and seasonal vs. diel Q10. PLoS ONE, 8(2): e57858, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057858.
11 Jin Z, Qi Y C, Dong Y S.2007. Diurnal and seasonal dynamics of soil respiration in desert shrubland of Artemisia ordosica on Ordos Plateau of Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of Forestry Research, 18(3): 231-235.
12 Jin Z, Qi Y C, Dong Y S, et al.2009. Seasonal patterns of soil respiration in three types of communities along grass-desert shrub transition in Inner Mongolia, China. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 26(3): 503-512.
13 Li Y Q, Zhao H L, Zhao X Y, et al.2008. Responses of soil respiration to air temperature from June to September in different sand dunes, Horqin sandy land. Journal of Desert Research, 28(2): 249-254. (in Chinese)
14 Liu Y H, Ali M, Yang F, et al.2015. Environmental factors driving winter soil respiration in the hinterland of the Taklimakan Desert, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35(20): 6711-6719. (in Chinese)
15 Lou Y Q, Zhou X H.2006. Soil Respiration and the Environment. San Diego: Academic Press, Elsevier, 1-88.
16 Ma J, Wang Z Y, Stevenson B A, et al.2013. An inorganic CO2 diffusion and dissolution process explains negative CO2 fluxes in saline/alkaline soils. Scientific Reports, 3(1): 2025, doi: 10.1038/srep02025.
17 Ma J, Liu R, Tang L S, et al.2014. A downward CO2 flux seems to have nowhere to go. Biogeosciences, 11(22): 6251-6262.
18 Oechel W C, Vourlitis G L, Hastings S J, et al.2000. Acclimation of ecosystem CO2 exchange in the Alaskan Arctic in response to decadal climate warming. Nature, 406(6799): 978-981.
19 Phillips C L, Nickerson N, Risk D, et al.2011. Interpreting diel hysteresis between soil respiration and temperature. Global Change Biology, 17(1): 515-527.
20 Qi Y C, Dong Y S, Domroes M, et al.2006. Comparison of CO2 effluxes and their driving factors between two temperate steppes in Inner Mongolia, China. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 23(5): 726-736.
21 Rustad L E, Huntington T G, Boone R D.2000. Controls on soil respiration: Implications for climate change. Biogeochemistry, 48(1): 1-6.
22 Schlesinger W H, Andrews J A.2000. Soil respiration and the global carbon cycle. Biogeochemistry, 48(1): 7-20.
23 Sierra C A.2012. Temperature sensitivity of organic matter decomposition in the Arrhenius equation: some theoretical considerations. Biogeochemistry, 108(1-3): 1-15.
24 Singh J S, Gupta S R.1977. Plant decomposition and soil respiration in terrestrial ecosystems. The Botanical Review, 43(4): 449-528.
25 Sponseller R A.2007. Precipitation pulses and soil CO2 flux in a Sonoran Desert ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 13(2): 426-436.
26 Stone R.2008. Have desert researchers discovered a hidden loop in the carbon cycle? Science, 320(5882): 1409-1410.
27 Subke J A, Reichstein M, Tenhunen J D.2003. Explaining temporal variation in soil CO2 efflux in a mature spruce forest in Southern Germany. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 35(11): 1467-1483.
28 Thomas A D, Hoon S R.2010. Carbon dioxide fluxes from biologically-crusted Kalahari Sands after simulated wetting. Journal of Arid Environments, 74(1): 131-139.
20 Wang B, Zha T S, Jia X, et al.2013. Soil moisture modifies the response of soil respiration to temperature in a desert shrub ecosystem. Biogeosciences Discussions, 10(6): 9213-9242.
30 Wang X Y, Li Y L, Zhao X Y, et al.2012. Responses of soil respiration to different environment factors in semi-arid and arid areas. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 32(15): 4890-4901. (in Chinese)
31 Wang Z Y, Wang Y G, Xie J B, et al.2013a. Differentiating the soil inorganic CO2 flux of saline and alkaline soils. Arid Land Geography, 36(4): 655-661. (in Chinese)
32 Wang Z Y, Xie J B, Wang Y G, et al.2013b. Soil inorganic CO2 flux in relation to soil pH and electric conductivity in saline/alkaline soils. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 32(10): 2552-2558. (in Chinese)
33 Wohlfahrt G, Fenstermaker L F, Arnone III J A.2008. Large annual net ecosystem CO2 uptake of a Mojave Desert ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 14(7): 1475-1487.
34 Xie J X, Li Y, Zhai C X, et al.2009. CO2 absorption by alkaline soils and its implication to the global carbon cycle. Environmental Geology, 56(5): 953-961.
35 Yang F, Ali M, Yang X H, et al.2015. Characteristics and affecting factors of soil respiration in the northern margin of the Taklimakan Desert. Journal of Desert Research, 35(1): 195-202. (in Chinese)
36 Zhang L H, Chen Y N, Li W H, et al.2007. Soil carbon dioxide emission and affecting factors under Haloxylon ammodendron community in Junggar Basin. Journal of Desert Research, 27(2): 266-272. (in Chinese)
37 Zhang Z S, Dong X J, Xu B X, et al.2015. Soil respiration sensitivities to water and temperature in a revegetated desert. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 120(4): 773-787.
38 Zhao R, Li X J, Zhao Y, et al.2015. CO2 efflux from two typies biologically crusted soil in response to simulated precipitation pulses in the Tengger Desert. Journal of Desert Research, 35(2): 393-399. (in Chinese)
39 Zhou P, Liu G B, Xue S.2009. Review of soil respiration and the impact factors on grassland ecosystem. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 18(2): 184-193. (in Chinese)
[1] MA Jinpeng, PANG Danbo, HE Wenqiang, ZHANG Yaqi, WU Mengyao, LI Xuebin, CHEN Lin. Response of soil respiration to short-term changes in precipitation and nitrogen addition in a desert steppe[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2023, 15(9): 1084-1106.
[2] HAN Mengxue, ZHANG Lin, LIU Xiaoqiang. Subsurface irrigation with ceramic emitters improves wolfberry yield and economic benefits on the Tibetan Plateau, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2023, 15(11): 1376-1390.
[3] LIU Yulin, LI Jiwei, HAI Xuying, WU Jianzhao, DONG Lingbo, PAN Yingjie, SHANGGUAN Zhouping, WANG Kaibo, DENG Lei. Carbon inputs regulate the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration in temperate forests[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2022, 14(9): 1055-1068.
[4] WANG Yuxia, ZHANG Jing, YU Xiaojun. Effects of mulch and planting methods on Medicago ruthenica seed yield and soil physical-chemical properties[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2022, 14(8): 894-909.
[5] CHEN Pengpeng, GU Xiaobo, LI Yuannong, QIAO Linran, LI Yupeng, FANG Heng, YIN Minhua, ZHOU Changming. Effects of different ridge-furrow mulching systems on yield and water use efficiency of summer maize in the Loess Plateau of China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2021, 13(9): 947-961.
[6] HUANG Laiming, ZHAO Wen, SHAO Ming'an. Response of plant physiological parameters to soil water availability during prolonged drought is affected by soil texture[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2021, 13(7): 688-698.
[7] ZHOU Tairan, HAN Chun, QIAO Linjie, REN Chaojie, WEN Tao, ZHAO Changming. Seasonal dynamics of soil water content in the typical vegetation and its response to precipitation in a semi-arid area of Chinese Loess Plateau[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2021, 13(10): 1015-1025.
[8] LI Congjuan, WANG Yongdong, LEI Jiaqiang, XU Xinwen, WANG Shijie, FAN Jinglong, LI Shengyu. Damage by wind-blown sand and its control measures along the Taklimakan Desert Highway in China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2021, 13(1): 98-106.
[9] ZHENG Jing, FAN Junliang, ZOU Yufeng, Henry Wai CHAU, ZHANG Fucang. Ridge-furrow plastic mulching with a suitable planting density enhances rainwater productivity, grain yield and economic benefit of rainfed maize[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(2): 181-198.
[10] DONG Zhengwu, LI Shengyu, ZHAO Ying, LEI Jiaqiang, WANG Yongdong, LI Congjuan. Stable oxygen-hydrogen isotopes reveal water use strategies of Tamarix taklamakanensis in the Taklimakan Desert, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(1): 115-129.
[11] WANG Cui, LI Shengyu, LEI Jiaqiang, LI Zhinong, CHEN Jie. Effect of the W-beam central guardrails on wind-blown sand deposition on desert expressways in sandy regions[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2020, 12(1): 154-165.
[12] Jun ZHANG, Peng DONG, Haoyu ZHANG, Chaoran MENG, Xinjiang ZHANG, Jianwei HOU, Changzhou WEI. Low soil temperature reducing the yield of drip irrigated rice in arid area by influencing anther development and pollination[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(3): 419-430.
[13] Chunlei ZHAO, Ming'an SHAO, Xiaoxu JIA, Laiming HUANG, Yuanjun ZHU. Spatial distribution of water-activesoil layer along the south-north transect in the Loess Plateau of China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(2): 228-240.
[14] Xiangdong LI, Ming'an SHAO, Chunlei ZHAO, Xiaoxu JIA. Spatial variability of soil water content and related factors across the Hexi Corridor of China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2019, 11(1): 123-134.
[15] Jingxin LI, Shigong WANG, Jinhua CHU, Jiaxin WANG, Xu LI, Man YUE, Kezheng SHANG. Characteristics of air pollution events over Hotan Prefecture at the southwestern edge of Taklimakan Desert, China[J]. Journal of Arid Land, 2018, 10(5): 686-700.