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Journal of Arid Land  2016, Vol. 8 Issue (4): 579-590    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-016-0007-x
Research Articles     
Effects of long-term fertilization on oxidizable organic carbon fractions on the Loess Plateau, China
DING Shaonan1, XUE Sha1,2, LIU Guobin1,2*
1 College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;
2 Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, China
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Abstract  The effects of long-term fertilization on pools of soil organic carbon (SOC) have been well studied, but limited information is available on the oxidizable organic carbon (OOC) fractions, especially for the Loess Plateau in China. We evaluated the effects of a 15-year fertilization on the OOC fractions (F1, F2, F3 and F4) in the 0–20 and 20–40 cm soil layers in flat farmland under nine treatments (N (nitrogen, urea), P (phosphorus, monocalcium phosphate), M (organic fertilizer, composted sheep manure), N+P (NP), M+N (MN), M+P (MP), M+N+P (MNP), CK (control, no fertilizer) and bare land (BL, no crops or fertilizer)). SOC content increased more markedly in the treatment containing manure than in those with inorganic fertilizers alone. F1, F2, F4 and F3 accounted for 47%, 27%, 18% and 8% of total organic carbon, respectively. F1 was a more sensitive index than the other C fractions in the sensitivity index (SI) analysis. F1 and F2 were highly correlated with total nitrogen (TN) and available nitrogen (AN), F3 was negatively correlated with pH and F4 was correlated with TN. A cluster analysis showed that the treatments containing manure formed one group, and the other treatments formed another group, which indicated the different effects of fertilization on soil properties. Long-term fertilization with inorganic fertilizer increased the F4 fraction while manure fertilizer not only increased labile fractions (F1) in a short time, but also increased passive fraction (F4) over a longer term. The mixed fertilizer mainly affected F3 fraction. The study demonstrated that manure fertilizer was recommended to use in the farmland on the Loess Plateau for the long-term sustainability of agriculture.

Key wordsland use      soil organic carbon      heavy fraction organic carbon      light fraction organic carbon      particle size distribution     
Received: 09 September 2015      Published: 10 August 2016

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (41371510, 41371508, 41471438) and the Science and Technology Research and Development Plan of Shaanxi Province (2011KJXX36).

Corresponding Authors: LIU Guobin     E-mail:
Cite this article:

DING Shaonan, XUE Sha, LIU Guobin. Effects of long-term fertilization on oxidizable organic carbon fractions on the Loess Plateau, China. Journal of Arid Land, 2016, 8(4): 579-590.

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