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Journal of Arid Land  2017, Vol. 9 Issue (4): 591-608    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-017-0059-6
Orginal Article     
Numerical simulations of flow and sediment transport within the Ning-Meng reach of the Yellow River, northern China
Shentang DOU1, Xin YU1, Heqiang DU2,*(), Fangxiu ZHANG1
1 Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research, Yellow River Conservancy Commission, Zhengzhou 450003, China
2 Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
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Effective management of a river reach requires a sound understanding of flow and sediment transport generated by varying natural and artificial runoff conditions. Flow and sediment transport within the Ning-Meng reach of the Yellow River (NMRYR), northern China are controlled by a complex set of factors/processes, mainly including four sets of factors: (1) aeolian sediments from deserts bordering the main stream; (2) inflow of water and sediment from numerous tributaries; (3) impoundment of water by reservoir/hydro-junction; and (4) complex diversion and return of irrigation water. In this study, the 1-D flow & sediment transport model developed by the Yellow River Institute of Hydraulic Research was used to simulate the flow and sediment transport within the NMRYR from 2001 to 2012. All four sets of factors that primarily control the flow and sediment transport mentioned above were considered in this model. Compared to the measured data collected from the hydrological stations along the NMRYR, the simulated flow and sediment transport values were generally acceptable, with relative mean deviation between measured and simulated values of <15%. However, simulated sediment concentration and siltation values within two sub-reaches (i.e., Qingtongxia Reservoir to Bayan Gol Hydrological Station and Bayan Gol Hydrological Station to Toudaoguai Hydrological Station) for some periods exhibited relatively large errors (the relative mean deviations between measured and simulated values of 18% and 25%, respectively). These errors are presumably related to the inability to accurately determine the quantity of aeolian sediment influx to the river reach and the inflow of water from the ten ephemeral tributaries. This study may provide some valuable insights into the numerical simulations of flow and sediment transport in large watersheds and also provide a useful model for the effective management of the NMRYR.

Key wordsnumerical simulation      flow and sediment transport      1-D flow & sediment model      Yellow River     
Received: 07 September 2016      Published: 10 August 2017
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Cite this article:

Shentang DOU, Xin YU, Heqiang DU, Fangxiu ZHANG. Numerical simulations of flow and sediment transport within the Ning-Meng reach of the Yellow River, northern China. Journal of Arid Land, 2017, 9(4): 591-608.

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