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Journal of Arid Land  2012, Vol. 4 Issue (1): 95-104    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1227.2012.00095
Research Articles     
Ecological migration effects on the Tianchi Scenic Area in Xinjiang: from the perspective of migrant farmer families
Hong TANG1,2, DeGang YANG1, XinHuan ZHANG1, XinYi XIANG3,4
1 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China;
2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;
4 Central Division of Analytical Chemistry (ZCH), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich 52425, Germany
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Abstract  As an important approach for relieving conflicts between ecosystems and human activities in the Tianchi Scenic Area, Xinjiang of China, an ecological migration policy was implemented, aiming to improve the regional ecological environment. The case of resettlement was closely related to the smooth implementation of the migration project. Based on the questionnaires and farmer family interviews, both changes in the ecological environment and the living conditions of migrant farmer families in the Tianchi Scenic Area were investigated in this study. The objectives were to assess the benefits of the ecological migration policy and to analyze the effects of ecological migration on migrant farmer families. The results showed that (1) awareness of the need for ecological environmental protection and the types of migrant families had a great influence on the willingness to migration; (2) since the implementation of the ecological migration project, the ecological environment in the Tianchi Scenic Area had improved significantly, particularly in terms of returning farmland to forestry, while pressures on grassland had also been relieved to some extent; (3) the major income sources and occupations of the migrant farmer families changed, the range of their income sources declined, and their per capita incomes decreased at different degrees; and (4) nearly half of the farmer families were not satisfied with the living environment of new settlements and the decline in the quality of life had significant influences on the attitudes of migrants. In order to ensure the successful implementation of an ecological migration project, it is essential to enhance farmer awareness of needs for ecological environmental protection, and to solve resettlement problems properly.

Key wordsP. euphratica      ecological adaptation      leaf morphology      water stress      Tarim River     
Received: 13 April 2011      Published: 05 March 2012

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (40801065) and the Dr. Western-funded projects of Chinese Academy of Sciences (XBBS 200803).

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Hong TANG, DeGang YANG, XinHuan ZHANG, XinYi XIANG. Ecological migration effects on the Tianchi Scenic Area in Xinjiang: from the perspective of migrant farmer families. Journal of Arid Land, 2012, 4(1): 95-104.

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