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Journal of Arid Land  2015, Vol. 7 Issue (5): 696-705    DOI: 10.1007/s40333-015-0130-0
Research Articles     
Dielectric properties of saline soil based on a modified Dobson dielectric model
Nigara TASHPOLAT1, DING Jianli1, YU Danlin2
1 Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China;
2 Earth and Environmental Studies, Montclair State University, Montclair 07043, USA
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Abstract  Soil salinization is a major concern for agricultural development in arid areas. In this paper, a modified Dobson dielectric model was applied to simulate the dielectric constant of saline soil in the Ugan-Kuqa river delta oasis of Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, northwestern China. The model performance was examined through analyzing the influences of its parameters on the soil dielectric constant and the relationship between radar back-scattering coefficient and the dielectric constant of saline soil. The results of the study indicate that: (1) The real part of the soil dielectric constant is affected by soil water content at low radar frequencies; the imaginary part is closely related with both the soil water content and soil salt content. (2) The soil water and salt contents are related with the coefficient of dialectical loss, which is consistent with the natural conditions of saline soil in arid areas and provides valuable references for the study of soil dielectric properties. (3) The changes of soil water content and soil salt content have instant influences on the dielectric constant of saline soil. Subsequently, the radar backscattering coefficient is affected to respond to the dielectric constant of saline soil. The radar backscattering coefficient is most responsible to the radar’s cross polarization pattern with a correlation coefficient of R2=0.75. This study provides a potential method to monitor soil salinization and soil water content by using a soil dielectric model and radar tech-niques.

Key wordsclimate change      streamflow sensitivity      water resources vulnerability      arid regions     
Received: 03 July 2014      Published: 05 October 2015
Fund:  

International Science & Technology Cooperation Program of China (2010DFA92720-12), the Xinjiang Regional Youth Scientific-technical Talent Training Engineering Project (2013711014), the National Natural Sci-ence Foundation of China (U1303381, 41261090, 41130531) and the New Century Excellent Talents Supporting Plan of the Ministry of Education of China (NCET-12-1075).

Corresponding Authors: DING Jianli     E-mail: watarid@xju.edu.cn
Cite this article:

Nigara TASHPOLAT, DING Jianli, YU Danlin. Dielectric properties of saline soil based on a modified Dobson dielectric model. Journal of Arid Land, 2015, 7(5): 696-705.

URL:

http://jal.xjegi.com/10.1007/s40333-015-0130-0     OR     http://jal.xjegi.com/Y2015/V7/I5/696

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